Kaufman County, Texas, Census, 1850

Article 1, Section 2, of the Constitution of the United States requires that "Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall be Law direct." The Constitution does not indicate that there be any other than a "enumeration" in a way determined by the laws of Congress. We are fortunate that the first enumeration included more than just a number because a precedent was set whereby names were included. As the nation grew and the need for information increased, so did the Census. From a beginning of an enumeration such things as school attendance, parents' birthplace, language spoken, whether a salaried worker, self-employed, or an employer. Unfortunately the Census is not complete. Many pages have been lost. The 1890 Census was almost all destroyed in a fire in 1921; however, there are projects in place to find substitute information from city directories, church and parish records, and tax records.

Here are the items found on the Census which were to be recorded as of the "Census Day" regardless of the date actually recorded. Therefore if a person died before the information was recorded but was alive on the "Census Day," he would be counted. In the same manner, if a child were born after the "Census Day" but before the actual date of recording, the child would not be counted.

Mr. Harrison summarized the Kaufman County Census with a few statistics. Click here if you wish to see them.


1850 Census (Census Day 1 June 1850) This is the first modern census, the one where each member of the household was named. Village, town, city, township, or district


Page Number
Name of enumerator
Dwelling or house number (This is not an address)
Family number (Since more than one family may reside at one location, the house number and the family number may differ.)
Name of every person who lived in the household on the Census Day
Profession, occupation, or trade of each male person over 15 years old
Value of real estate
Place of birth
Married within the year
Attended school within the year
Persons over 20 years old who could not read or write
Whether a person was deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, a pauper, or a convict